Introduction to Periodontitis
Periodontitis – A common gum related or Periodontal Disease is a sort of infection that affects the soft tissues of the gums or the bone that supports our teeth. If this disease remains untreated for long can cause damage around the areas of the bone and gum closer to teeth. Slowly the bones and the gums are eaten by the bacteria and later cause the tooth fall.
The word “Periodontitis” translated as the inflammation in the doctor’s world. It is also the common symptom of Periodontitis as the inflammation occurs around the gum area.
What exactly happens when I have Periodontitis?
Our mouth is a breeding ground for the bacteria. The atmospheric conditions such as appropriate temperature, moisture, and availability attract the invaders to attack our mouth every now and then. The bacteria attack a part of the tooth on the colorless membrane of the plague (Caused due to the leftover of foods) and multiply their breeds on it. Our Immune system release the deadly toxins to retaliate the invaders which later on results in the inflammation around the Gum areas.
Cause of a Periodontal Disease:
- The major reason behind the Periodontal Disease is the bacterial invasion on the leftover of the foods that cause inflammation.
- The neglecting of Oral health can result in Periodontal Disease.
- Smoking can also play a major role in the development of Periodontal Disease and can affect its cure as well.
- A scientifically proven fact is also there which says there is a link between Periodontal Disease and elsewhere in the body such as heart disease.
How do I prevent Periodontal Disease?
The effects of Periodontal Disease can be reversed by maintaining good oral health care:
- Brushing twice a day with suitable toothbrush and toothpaste is the first step in the fight against Periodontal Disease. This is what we are taught from the beginning of the school days. Isn’t it?
- Dental flossing is always a good option to reach the position where your toothbrush can not reach. The Spaces between the teeth is hard to reach via brush but floss can help us to reach in every corner.
- Fluoride toothpaste is recommended for at least a couple of minutes of brushing followed by an anti-bacterial mouth wash to prevent the growth of bacteria inside the mouth.
- Extra attention to be given when you have closely packed teeth or crooked teeth, they are difficult for taking care of.
- If the inflammation is severe and you can see blood while pressing or brushing, the condition seems to be serious and you’ve got to consult the dentist as soon as you can.
- During Periodontal Disease or any other oral health issue, the toothbrushes must not be shared as the bacteria can transfer from one mouth to another.
- If Periodontal Disease has harmed you in a very severe manner, surgical options are also available to cure these problems. The surgical option includes Flap Surgery and Bone & tissue grafts to replace natural tissues and bones with the synthetic ones.