Periodontal diseases or gum disease is a pathological inflammatory condition of the gum and bone support (periodontal tissues) surrounding the teeth.
The two most common periodontal diseases are:
Gingivitis – inflammation of the gum at the necks of the teeth, and
Periodontitis – inflammation affecting the bone and tissues of the teeth.
Following are the main causes that lease to these periodontal diseases. If you are looking for long-term oral hygiene and health, make sure you stay away from the following. In case you feel you need a professional dentist you understand better what your teeth need, visit the Periodontal Specialists.
Periodontal diseases are most commonly caused by plaque—a thick film of bacteria forming on gums and teeth that daily brushing, flossing and rinsing removes. If you fall into this category you’re definitely not alone—there are millions of adults who have some stage of gum disease. The good news: early gum disease is reversible—so it may be time to pick up some new healthy habits. Dental checkups at least every 6 months is also key.
Smoking interferes with the normal function of gum tissue cells, making your mouth more vulnerable to infections like periodontal disease.
When you’re pregnant, or sometimes even during typical monthly menstrual cycles, hormones can rise and fall, making gums more susceptible to periodontal diseases. Expecting a baby does not mean you automatically have problems with your gums or teeth. It just means you’ll want to take extra-special care of your mouth during this time to maintain your oral health. Some of the unusual things you can expect to possibly happen during your pregnancy are inflamed gums that are irritated, puffy and red and bleed a little when brushed or flossed (if you experience these symptoms, know that they typically disappear after pregnancy, but you should still consult with your dentist and doctor with any questions you have about how to take care of your gums).
Medications may have a side effect of dampening saliva production and flow, leaving a dry mouth where bacteria can more readily spread. If you’re concerned about the status of your gums, discuss any medications you are on with your doctor.
It’s hard work to get all your daily vitamins, but when you’re not getting enough vitamin C, this could be especially harmful to your gums. A diet that is high in sugar and carbohydrates and low in the water and vitamin C is a recipe for gum problems.
If you have the common situation where your teeth overlap, are crooked or rotate, this can create a breeding ground for periodontal diseases. That’s because misalignments create more spaces where plaque can build up and harm your teeth and gums. (Tip: So take extra care brushing and flossing in those areas.)