“Peri” means around, and “odontal” refers to teeth. Periodontal diseases are infections of the structures around the teeth. These include the gums, the cementum that covers the root, the periodontal ligament and the alveolar bone. In the earliest stage of periodontal disease, gingivitis, the infection affects only the gums. In more severe forms of the disease, all of the supporting tissues are involved.
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Gum diseases can severely damage your oral health and if not treated timely can result in loss of the tooth. Gum disease treatment should be initiated in a timely manner or else it may also impact the rest of your body. Luckily, dental treatments have a decent shot of bringing the periodontal disease under control, given it is identified early.